From the beginning of time, people have placed bets on themselves. Bettors placed wagers on the results of the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece and Rome, namely on the triumph of the gladiators and charioteers. Back then, wagers were placed directly by spectators; bookies did not exist. Nowadays, technologies are moving forward so fast. People use different online services like 1xbet online betting to place a bet
Two millennia later, the bookmaking industry began to emerge in Great Britain. William Ogden started accepting wagers on horse races in 1790. He predetermined each horse’s winning ratio based on the amount wagered. Fred Swindell and Leviathan Davis established the first bookmaker’s establishment in 1850. Its creators projected sports results and handed out odds-of-winning pamphlets across London.
After thirty years, bookies opened in Russia, Germany, France, and America. The concept used by bookmakers back then was the same as it is today: they sourced wagerers, ensured payouts to the winners, and in exchange received a margin, or the bets’ profit.
Laws have limited or outlawed gambling, betting, and wagering for ages. They are regarded very seriously by governments.
It was not allowed to make books in either Europe or the US until the mid-1900s. Legislative gaps or corruption allowed bookmakers to continue operating. Their clients had no recourse and had to rely only on the integrity of the bookmaker.
Britain, 1961. The government made bookmaking lawful and controlled. The lawmaker prohibited gamblers and the casino from profiting in any way. Games were restricted to certain clubs.
Germany, Federal Republic, 1973. The authority to develop gaming facilities over the whole territory, not only in vacation regions, was granted to federal states.
1987 in France. The government eliminated gambling business admission fees and decreased the minimum player age from 21 to 18.
In the UK, there were 14,750 William Hill betting locations open by 1973. Littlewoods employed 22,000 people by 1982. There were wagers on football, boxing, golf, tennis, election outcomes, winning events, and even the return of Jesus.
When bookies started taking online bets in the 1990s, the betting market took off. Eight million people were active players in the internet sports betting business in 2001, with a value of over $2 billion.
Greatest victory. A Nottingham lady wagered 5p on the winner of a horse race at odds of 3,072,887 on May 2, 1995. Winners received a payout of £210,000 from bookmaker Ladbrokes.
Most absurd wager. With a 1 in 14 million chance of winning, bookmaker William Hill put up a wager that Elvis Presley would fire down a UFO that fell into Loch Ness Lake and killed the local monster.
Human Factor. In 2010, Cliff Bryant made an express bet on the weather in 13 cities and won £7.1 million. However, representatives of the Ladbrokes office agreed to pay the player only 30 pounds. According to them, express bets on the weather are prohibited, and the cashier accepted the bet by mistake.
Nowadays, there are so many unlicensed betting establishments that it is uncertain how much money the betting industry is worth. Online betting accounted for $45.8 billion of the $104 billion worldwide betting market in 2017, according to Zion Market Research.
Bettors began using their phones to place bets in the early 2010s. Such wagers made almost 80% of all bets placed in betting shops in 2016. According to H2 Gambling Capital, 40% of gamers will be utilizing mobile devices by 2020.
Despite the legalization of betting, online bookmakers prefer to register in offshore jurisdictions. It is cheaper to obtain a license in Curacao or Antigua and Barbuda than in the USA, Russia, and EU countries. Due to lower registration costs and a favorable tax climate, offshore bookmakers can offer players bonuses and high odds. It is spreading all over the world, for example, there are different online betting sites in India.
As we come to the end of our investigation, the history, present, and future of betting become clear. Betting has grown from small beginnings to a multibillion-dollar business, and it continues to be a symbol of human resourcefulness, daring, and the never-ending quest for wealth.
Every bet and technical advancement adds a new chapter to the never-ending tale of betting, and the adventure continues.